马可·奥弗豪斯（德国） 防务合作与政权安全——美利坚霸权在波斯湾的界限 16
张茂荣 美国能源监管政策的历史演变 46
Roderick Parkes 谁都不许动!——欧盟移民危机的神话（上） 66
秦晖 有关北欧社会民主模式的问答 116
马立诚 三种世界秩序博弈：中国的选择 129
David L. Gosling 情报与安全——巴基斯坦视角 140
林纯洁 19世纪前后欧美政治漫画中的鹰纹章与时代精神 149
Content of Issue 80 of the Magazine Leaders
9 New Year Addresses
16 Defense Cooperation and Regime Security: Limits of U.S. Hegemony on the Persian Gulf
46 Historical Evolution of American Energy Regulatory Policies
66 Nobody Move! Myths of the EU Migration Crisis (Ⅰ)
116 Questions and Answers about the Nordic Social Democratic Model
129 On the Competition Between Three Kinds of World Order and China’s Choice
140 Intelligence and Security: Perspectives from Pakistan
149 Eagle Emblems in European and American Political Caricatures around the 19th Century and the Spirit of Age Thereby Revealed
Summary of Issue 80 of the Magazine Leaders
Defense Cooperation and Regime Security: Limits of U.S. Hegemony on the Persian Gulf
However, with the changes in many countries of North Africa and the Middle East since 2011, the fall in oil prices and the intensification of the “Cold War” with Iran, the “demand” of the Gulf States for security has increasingly moved inward, that means shifting to regime security. For example, current issues in the region, such as the nuclear agreement with Iran, and conflicts such as the war in Yemen or the fight against the “Islamic State” (IS) are always linked to domestic political issues in the Gulf States.
Nobody Move! Myths of the EU Migration Crisis (Ⅰ)
From around 2012, however, the EU’s international influence seemed to gradually contract, and leaders found themselves with little alternative but to make deals with the EU’s neighbours, to persuade them to act as buffers and to sever migrant-transit routes. In 2015, when the migration crisis hit, the EU’s whole strategy of gradual international expansion required a rethink. To address the flows properly, the EU found that it would need to trigger quick reforms in distant and unstable sending countries like Eritrea or Nigeria where its historic engagement was quite limited, while also giving its long-standing approach to nearby states like Turkey or Morocco a much sharper diplomatic edge. The EU faced a choice: make these updates or risk turning its neighbours into permanent buffer states.
Questions and Answers about the Nordic Social Democratic Model
The Western progresses on civil rights owe not merely to liberalism, but also to socialism, i.e. social democracy, however not to Stalinism! Now China should learn both liberalism and “socialism” from the West. But this “socialism” is something new to China, not something that had been implemented in China. Of course, it can be said that Western welfare systems do “come true by being pushed”, and the pushes have been from their own people under the system of constitutional democracy; it can also be said, the pushes have been from the labor movements in the democracies, i.e. the social democracy movements.